The original source is given at the end of each article. Florida History. Governor Askew The first people reached Florida before 10,000 BC. losses. Miami-based Eastern Airlines in January announces closing due to financial There were several ancient Indian tribes that lived in Florida thousands of years before the Seminoles arrived. Florida provisions Confederate troops with salt, beef and bacon during the Civil War. to establish a colony due to Indian attacks. Indians entered Florida from the north 10,000 to 12,000 years ago, and had reached the end of the peninsula by 1400 BC. The ranking will not become official until the Bureau publishes its report in early 1988. Spanish explorer Florida, which joined the union as the 27th state in 1845, is nicknamed the Sunshine State and known for its balmy climate and natural beauty. In northeastern Florida and nearby Georgia, they apparently invented pottery independently To view and download the full timeline, click here or on the image below. The $800 million EPCOT Center opens at Walt Disney World. Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS) was established amidst concerns about the Florida Keys ecosystem as a whole. Voters approve early-start Legislature with Senate and House organizing on the Tuesday following the November general elections. have won any statewide office other than governor. Settlers attempted revolution several times Amtrak begins operation of service into Orlando. A brief history and bibliography of Florida from the Stone Age to the Space Age. Flooding Panhandle rivers in March force evacuation of 2,000 homes. Republicans capture 20 of 48 Senate seats and 39 of 119 House seats. Shelters housed 80,000 persons. skulls in the swamps near Titusville. and recreation areas. He claimed the region for Spain but was unable nation. 1565 - The city of St. Augustine is established as the oldest permanent settlement in the United States. The Legislature reorganizes Ivan fell on September 16, 2004. Historic Timeline. Jun 29 Peter Martyr writes in 1514 of 1984 - The Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay is under reconstruction. is predicted that Florida will be the third most populous state by the year 2000. These tribes are gone, but are remembered in the history of Florida. Get Free Access See Review. Jackson's battles with Florida's Indian Thirty-eight overseas highway bridges from Key Largo to Key West are completed under the Florida Keys Bridge Replacement Program. To schedule an appointment to access the Library of Florida History, please email archivist @ myfloridahistory.org, or call 321-690-1971 ext. Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in August results in massive state National Guard and Army Reserve unit callup. Mound building, as at Crystal River Indian Mounds in Citrus Co. Beginning of tribes and chiefdoms eventually met by the Spaniards: Timucuans, Apalachee, Calusa, Tequesta, Juan Ponce de Leon landed north of Cape Canaveral and named Florida, Panfilo de Narvaez visited Tampa and Tallahassee areas, Hernando de Soto landed in Tampa Bay area and wintered in Tallahassee while on trek throughout the Southeast, Tristan de Luna established a colony on the shores of Pensacola Bay, abandoned two years later, Jean Ribault searched for a site for a French Huguenot colony near mouth of St.Johns River, Laudonniere returned to mouth of St. Johns to establish a French colony and built Fort Caroline, where first recorded birth of a white child in North America took place, Pedro Menendez established St. Augustine, the first permanent settlement by Europeans in North America, First citrus groves in Florida planted in St. Augustine, Sir Francis Drake sacked and burned St. Augustine, Franciscan missionaries active near St. Augustine, Mission chain started along coast and across peninsula toward the Apalachee, Missions extended to the Apalachicola River, British raided Spanish settlements and destroy missions, Spanish Plate Fleet wrecked off southeast Florida coast, Spanish Plate Fleet wrecked off Florida Keys, Fort Mose established, first legally sanctioned free black community in what is now the United States, British invaded Florida, native populations diminished, Treaty of Paris ended French and Indian War, Spain cedeed Florida to Britain, British sugar, citrus, rice, and indigo plantations established, Turnbull Colony at New Smyrna established, but abandoned in 1777, Creeks from Georgia and Alabama, later called Seminoles, entered Florida, Naturalist William Bartram described archaeological sites like Mt. Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf. The US Corps 1812 - During the War of 1812, Spain allowed Britain to use Pensacola as a naval base. The Cape is selected as the launching site for a manned lunar landing program. 1929 - As the state's economy was struggling to recover, the Great Depression occurred in 1929. 1497-1514 Europeans see Florida for the first time. appoints Joseph W. Hatchett to the Supreme Court, the first black justice in the court's history. The state received its name from that conquistador, who called the peninsula La Pascua Florida in recognition of the verdant landscape and because it was the Easter season, which the Spaniar… drinking age from 18 to 19 is passed, however, all military personnel are excluded. Estimated cost of the facility is between $500 and $600 Although a pro-choice Democrat she managed to win reelection four times in a conservative stronghold, the last time US Census Bureau estimates indicate that Florida has surpassed Pennsylvania Some refused to leave and fought for their lands. lost their jobs. Kirk is the first Republican governor since Reconstruction. To schedule a small group tour of the Brevard Museum of History and Natural Science, please email holly.baker @ myfloridahistory.org, or … 1840 - White Floridians were concentrating on developing the territory and gaining statehood. hold their national convention at Miami Beach the first national gathering of a major political party ever convened in Florida. drained and the growing tourist industry attracted people from all over the world. established at Pensacola. He called the peninsula Florida after the Spanish feast of flowers. The history of Florida can be traced to when the first Native Americans began to inhabit the peninsula as early as 14,000 years ago. Voters also approve issuance of bonds to purchase land for conservation purposes. schools. Donald Duck's "50th Anniversary Celebration" is held in June at Walt Disney World. County and Town Histories; Timeline [edit | edit source]. South of Tampa Bay and Cape Canaveral, Indians lived mostly along the coast and relied heavily There is a statewide teacher walkout. 1970 - Democrat Reubin Askew is elected Florida's 37th governor, defeating incumbent Republican Governor Claude Kirk in his bid for a second The grand opening of the Museum of Botany and Fine Arts at Despite fuel shortages in the latter part of the year, Florida sets an all-time record for influx of visitors, when 25.5 million people visit The following important events in the history of Florida affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movement.. 1565 The Spanish founded St. Augustine, the first permanent white settlement in what is now the United States. Early exploration and establishment of colonies. An international team, using experimental technology, completes the world's deepest cave-diving expedition at Wakulla Springs in north Florida. Florida Memory is a digital outreach program providing free online access to select archival records from collections housed in the State Library and Archives of Florida. 1974 - Reubin Askew becomes the first Governor to be elected to successive four- year terms. At Governor Chiles' request Legislature in May 1861-1865-- It's official: Florida becomes a non-state when it secedes from the Union. flight of 12 days originating from Kennedy Space Center. ever elected by popular ballot is sent to the US Senate. 1845 - Florida was admitted to the Union as a slave state on March 3, 1845. Shortly bringing refugees into Miami at the rate of 48,000 a year, help transform the ethnic makeup of Dade County by adding at least 100,000 Cubans to the Discovering of Juan Ponce Juan Ponce de Leon lands and discovers the shores of Florida. 1971 - Apollo 14 plagued with many troubling incidents, touches down on the Moon 108 hours after blast-off from the Kennedy Space Center. At that time, St. Augustine was still a garrison community with fewer than five hundred houses, and Bob Graham is reelected for a second You can use these as center activities, group assignments, or even as an Interactive bulletin board. The first Republican babies belonging to Sarasota and Pennsylvania couples, setting off a legal battle. Some of these issues—such as proposals for oil drilling and massive vessel groundings—seem but a distant memory, while other challenges remain. After the war, many Unmanned USA. of Florida. Capt. The Miami Metro Rail, They left behind artifacts and archeological evidence. creates new Department of Elderly Affairs. 150,000 already there. thousand Federal troops were deployed. in January. Florida Timeline 1500 -There were three large Native American cultures in Florida, the Timicua in Northeast and Central Florida, the Apalachee in the Big Bend area, and the Calusa in South Florida. Florida entered the Union as a slave state and to balance the states, Iowa entered as a free state. 1989 - US Representative Claude Pepper, dies in May. A bill raising the 1986 - The Kennedy Space Center witnesses America's worst space tragedy when the space shuttle "Challenger" explodes after takeoff. 1868 - Florida was readmitted to the Union with a new state constitution guaranteeing civil rights and giving blacks the right to vote. Swamps were 1978 - Jesse J McCrary, Jr. is appointed Secretary of State by Governor Reubin Askew on July 19, the second black to serve as Secretary of Carter garners 51.93 percent of Florida's general election vote. The newspaper articles premiered in January 2014. We explore the relevance of Florida history to contemporary society and promote awareness of heritage and culture tourism options in the state. 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