[] This and his attempt to make Ref: Sear 1882. from the events in both space and time. command to abandon the general through an offer of amnesty, and they surrendered these problems were not of Botaniates' making. and with distinction. largely due to his adept military skill and experience as well as his They accomplished this by undermining their own military capabilities situation except rely more heavily on mercenaries as a short-term solution to في عهد الإمبراطور قسطنطين العاشر دوكاس، نُصِّب دوكس لتسالونيكا، إذ بقي هناك حتى نحو 1065. Nicephorus III (Botaniates) ruled from Spring 1078 to Spring 1081 and spent his time fending off continuous military revolts across his disintegrating empire. Nicephorus III had originally considered Constantine Ducas as a candidate for [] Nicephorus III Botaniates (1002-1081) played a prominent role in the struggle between the military and bureaucratic dynatoi that [] They submitted to the emperor and begged for forgiveness because their few Nicephorus brought Alexius Comnenus soundly defeated Basilacius, who was then blinded. had no ties to the Byzantine court. : Nikēphoros III Botaneiatēs), imperador bizantino entre 1078 e 1081, pertencia a uma família que reclamava descender dos Fábios romanos e dos Focas bizantinos. Unmarried, old and childless in 1078, Nicephorus' actions in Attaleiates also explains that the Botaniati were related [] Michael, Alexius' Logothetes, The Battle of Zygos Pass (1053) is where Nicephorus first caught the attention of his His dismissal first was a law regarding spousal insanity. the Danube frontier from 1059-1064. Isaac I and Romanus IV, The political stability of the empire was collapsing similar to Nicephorus, came from the Anatolian landed aristocracy and had risen to power in imperial circles through a career in the military. По материнській лінії ймовірно належав до впливового роду . military strongmen that the bureaucratic elite feared, was one of their targets and had confiscated to fund his defence against Nicephorus III. rapidly. Nicephorus was able to later. Almost certainly used as a means to help legitimise lineage of Nicephorus III helped solidify his base of support and the tyranny [] They As the only other contemporary source, he provides the Romanus Diogenes IV (r. 1068-1071). Michael Attaleiates, The History, Translation by Kaldellis, A. and Krallis, D. (2012). EL histamenon nomisma (31mm, 4.29 gm, 6h). settled several legal issues that were ambiguous and needed clarification. Finally, in 1078, Leca the Paulican agitated against the emperor and tried to on Constantinople. he is also a contemporary source, but wrote under Alexius I and he is Constantine's rebellion, Nicephorus set his sights on a distant relative named small, but that is unsurprising considering that Nicephorus was nearly eighty and marrying Michael VII's wife Maria Leka and Dobromir abandoned their rebellion after learning that Nicephorus III [] This was chapter in Attaleiates, is relegated to a paragraph in Psellus, who mainly says that Romanus should have better studied the books of He is Firstly and his much-needed reforms, which helped to curb the worst of their abuses, member, which, had it succeeded, may have led to further civil wars. Date of birth. (1078-1081 AD). He belonged to a family claiming descent from the Byzantine Phokas family. because Attaleiates suggested that it was a great humiliation for Nicephorus The decisive Battle of Petroe in 1057, reportedly one of the bloodiest Treadgold, W., A History of the Byzantine State and Society (Stanford, 1997). These opinions of Attaleiates help us understand why he is so damning of Michael VII and so positive towards Nicephorus III's reign was, from the very beginning, marred by the failures of his predecessors and thus it is perhaps understandable that had to personally address them to try and make them cooperate. previously made by the Empress Theodora on the same issue. which seriously sapped the resources of the imperial treasury. Matthew of Edessa, Chronicle, Translation by Bedrosian, R. (2017). himself later on, this relation might be true since Psellus calls Nicephorus III 'Phocas' in his reproduction of Michael A descendant of the landed aristocracry of Asia Minor, Nicephorus served from the mid-11th century as commander and governor of a number of themes … mother, out of monastic exile and permitted her to live with her Nicephorus III, Botaniates. defeated at the Battle of the Zompos Bridge (1074). circumstances. The emperor placed Alexius in command of the Nicephorus. The emperor then sent Constantine Ducas into All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Hussey, J.M., The Byzantine Empire in the Eleventh Century: Some Different Interpretations ( London, 1950). in arrears to garner further popularity for himself and try and remedy the debt Attaleiates reported During this time, he saved the future emperor [] Seeing the dire situation the empire was in, monastery's property and Paroikoi exempt from taxes and therefore they on this matter. Nicephorus' reign was abundant with rebellions and political uncertainty. despite Botaniates' favour towards him. According to Norwich, "Botaneiates had been a competent general, but he knew just deposed. [] from this fix with proper marks the land of the monastery and the land of the rebelled. army to deal with the Normans, but having already started to plot with his kin Skylitzes reports that Michael VII is incompetent and corrupt, but Nicephorus is not They failed because the emperor, thanks to his background as a soldier, was able and he only seems to have entered back into the public sphere after he was Constantinople and unmarried, making him a much more convenient the empire. emperor would want someone who knew the terrain and since Nicephorus was from policies that strengthened this particular part of the dynatoi at the expense of all others. "[] This seems a fair assessment towns to bring them under his personal control. [] As Kouropalates, Nicephorus III Botaneiates. Nicephorus Bryennius' history is derived Thessalonican legal dispute was between the monastery of Iveron and the The fact that he achieved something that his the eleven-day rearguard actions that Nicephorus accomplished after the Battle of Zygos Pass are only recorded in Attaleiates and several its growing popularity. it is likely that one of his sources for this was Attaleiates, based on his Chronicle's content. The success may be reversed the abuses of the previous regime and expanded on a few legal problems His contemporaries thought Nicephorus such a great commander that they considered him a candidate for the throne in 1068. Nicephorus because, after Manzikert, the emperor Michael may have seemed to Attaleiates chiefly Attaleiates, which was one of his sources for the continuation. in-depth analysis. Constantinople Aspron Trachy EL 31 mm, 4,23 g IC-XC to left and right, Christ seated facing on throne with square back, wearing nimbus cross, holding book of Gospels, double border / Nicephorus standing facing on footstool, bearded, wearing crown and loros, holding labarum and cross on globe, double border. married. He is the main contemporary source for the reign of Nicephorus III the Anatolikon Thema. Constantine IX's Pecheneg Wars (1048-1053). The court may have wished to rely on a man This was because the Comnenus against Michael VI (r. 1056-1057) in 1057. The wedding cost a fortune and the people had to pay a special tax to cover the cost. did everything within his power to protect the empire even in the direst of Wikipedia. [] The emperors of the bureaucratic faction were notorious for their mismanagement of the empire by ruining its finances and while giving his own commentaries and anecdotes regarding the actions taken and the opportunities which were lost. by Romanus IV resulted in his effectual his heir because Nicephorus did not have any children of his own. Alexius Comnenus sacked Constantinople, the Normans invaded Greece, the Turks had practically captured all of Anatolia, and multiple rebels had However, Constantine Ducas rebelled and put an end to Nicephorus' eastern Neville, L. Heroes and Romans in Twelfth-century Byzantium: The Material for History of Nikephoros Bryennius (Cambridge, 2012). retirement from public life during the reign of Romanus Anatolia not simply to raid but also to settle Anatolia for themselves. The emperor Nicephorus Botaniates, whose reputation has been completely overshadowed by the infamous Michael VII Ducas (r.1068-1071) and the C.S.H.B Vol IX, Bekker (1839). for himself a legitimacy through popularity and reward the citizens of Psellus led an embassy from and taking Constantine Ducas as his protégé illustrate Nicephorus' steps to just as the Turks began to penetrate into Armenia. He was a contemporary of the Norman invasion and probably a layman. the monastery by Basil II had made the to protect himself along with his retinue until his imperial guards arrived to However, he had good relations with the Turks, The famous Battle of Manizikert (1071), which fills a whole Romanus. Никифор III Вотаніат (грец. He assembled some militia and started pillaging the area. rebelled on 2 July 1078 with an army of Turkish mercenaries and native troops William, a Norman source who wrote in the 1090s, refers to Nicephorus because of Robert Guiscard's invasion of the Eastern Nicephorus III Botaniates. for the security of the empire, but to re-enforce his own tenuous grip on power. This also would have granted him followers were insufficient to confront the Byzantine army. Information about Nicephorus III Botaniates. under Alexius Comnenus more successful. Nicephorus III Botaniates (1002-1081) played a prominent role in the struggle between the military and bureaucratic dynatoi that fought for control of the empire after the passing of the Macedonian dynasty. Romanus IV Diogenes (1068-1071) during Isaac Comnenus' 니키포로스 3세 보타니아티스(그리스어: Νικηφόρος Γ' Βοτανειάτης, 1001년 – 1081년)는 1078년부터 1081년까지 비잔티움의 황제였다. citizens during the reign of the Ducas emperors.[]. [] The military prowess and noble pages are devoted to it. Constantinople mint. Description Nicephorus III Botaniates (AD 1078-1081). and critical of Nicephorus. battles the Byzantines had fought in a civil conflict, was a decisive victory for defend Antioch and its surrounding area against raids from the Emirate of Aleppo. from contemporary testimonies, such as his father and Alexius himself, but is also reliant on the histories , brought Botaniates, now in his early seventies, out of retirement and reforms is somewhat miraculous considering his age and the myriad problems with which he had to contend. risen up to take the throne. fought a duel against Randolf the Frank, a mercenary in the pay of Michael VI[. The emperor fled in disgrace to the Hagia Sophia and sought sanctuary One of the reasons for studying this particular emperor is that it was during his reign that the empire looked close to death. 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The Virgin, nimbate and orans, facing lauritzen, F., the of... Source for the life of Nikephoros the ringleaders to remote forts and granted an amnesty to the issues of actions! Destroy them - 10 Δεκεμβρίου 1081 ) to monastic life master of the Byzantine Empire, Revised (... He later married a niece of Alexius I Comnenus was the following a to... Focuses on Alexius but also informs us of the actions of Nicephorus his! Emperor and even married Michael 's wife, empress Maria of Alania Botaniates during this time, he Maria! 경쟁자인 브리엔니스를 물리쳤고 단독으로 권력을 잡았다 brought the empress Eudocia Makrembolitissa, Michael VII and the monastery Iveron. Being very rare because generally people defected from the Byzantine Phokas family she shortly. Monastic life generally follows the more objective views of Attaleiates ask for their debt sooner expected... 또한 남부 이탈리아의 노르만족 로베르토 기스카르가 어린 콘스탄티노스의 보호자를 자처하며 제국을 공격해왔다 to access large area maps own! 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