best trees for firewood australia

If you’re looking for the best homeowner chainsaw and the lightweight Stihl saw for firewood at the same time, then MS 180 is the perfect solution for you. The wood from these oak trees is prized for its strength and density, and that density makes it one of the best at producing heat. Ask the people know trees best and they’ll tell you not to grow trees for firewood. When using a tarp or other firewood cover, only cover the top 1/3 of the firewood stack. The problem was, he didn’t replant. He cleared an area for it, removing the trees. Box, Ironbark, and Redgum are frequently used. The MS 180 C-BE is a high tech gas-driven chainsaw. One coniferous tree you probably don’t want to burn at all is hemlock, as it’s roughly akin to burning a rock. He lives on a farm in northern Wisconsin, where he cares for more than 100 apple trees and one 40-foot pear tree that should have been pruned long ago. In Australia, gums are known as ‘widow makers’ for the number of people killed sheltering under gum trees during storms. Which in turn makes a hot flue and a hot flue means much less creosote build up and more energy produced. Grow trees for a list of other great reasons – fruit, nuts, shelter, habitat, erosion control, timber for posts etc – and you’ll always have enough firewood and kindling from the prunings and windfall branches and twigs. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. However, with so many different types of wood, learning which trees make good firewood can be a time-consuming and labor-intensive process. It is a great source of wood for firewood suppliers in Sydney.And, if you are growing this tree in the wrong area, you will lose it to frost. The species has a fairly limited range, growing in just a handful of states through the Appalachian Mountains and into Missouri and Arkansas, but it produces a strong, dense wood famous for making fence posts. The best firewood to produce fuel is firelogs, which are manufactured for this particular purpose. • Most good firewood species are frost- tolerant except Sugar Gum and Spotted Gum. It will smolder and won’t put out much heat. Your email address will not be published. Seasoned wood looks dark, or gray when compared to green wood of the same kind. A block of 100 trees planted in a 20m by 20m area would yield eight tonnes of wood, in areas with fertile soil and good rainfall. You staggered the plantings annually and could start cutting wood to burn after the first plantings were 5 years old. The answer depends on where you live and what you have available in your region of the world. One lesser-known tree that makes great firewood is black locust. Just last year some of his posts could still be seen along fence rows. For example in Western Australia, Jarrah and Wandoo are considered the best. In addition, Oak produces minimal smoke, does not spark significantly, creates excellent coals, and is … It’s not that there's a shortage of fallen trees around the place. Wattles are hardy, resistant to many of the ills besetting other farm trees, and are fast growers. Coppicing is a reproduction method where a tree is cut back periodically to stimulate new growth through dormant buds on the stump, or stool. You may pay more per cord for hardwoods. The … If grown in the right environment, these trees can give the best quality wood for firewood. In Tasmania, Brown Peppermint is considered best. Also, what constitutes the “best” firewood varies depending on its planned use. He was a logger before he was married and logged, as well as farmed, most all his life. Softwoods, when properly stored, should be dry enough after one year to burn efficiently. 9. Please let us know a convenient time to call you on, (*All time slots are available in CDT zone.). My grandfather built his barn, hay barn, chicken coops, garage, most anything he needed from pine and oak. For firewood you will ned a fast growing tree to get you up and running I would suggest Acacia mearnsii. Choosing the right kind of firewood is an important decision to ponder. With that established, here are a handful of trees stand above all others when it comes to producing quality firewood. The answer depends to a large extent on what wood is available. There are more than 60,000 known species of trees in the world, according to a study conducted by the Botanical Gardens Conservation International (BGCI). They tend to be very dense hardwoods that burn hotter and longer because of that density. I learned to be a steward of the land and not just a consumer. When you split it you will find it brittle with cracks running through each piece. You’ll find it easy to light and split. Creosote can stick  to the walls of your chimney and become a fire hazard. If you only use firewood a few times a year, you may want to go with dry softwood, like fir. It’s hard to top the cozy feeling generated by the sight, sound and smell of a wood fire burning in the fireplace on a cold winter night, sending warmth through your house as the firewood crackles and the fire creates an ever-changing display of hypnotizing patterns that can entertain for hours on end. Which is the Best Firewood for You? J. Keeler Johnson is a writer, farmer, blogger and videographer with a passion for pruning trees. This means you need to plant 100 trees each year for 10 years if you want to have self-sufficient heating. Adjust the thermostat in each room to keep your family happy and comfortable. The Firewood Association of Australia Inc. is a not for profit association established in 2005 to represent the commercial firewood supply industry in all states of Australia. Notify me via e-mail if anyone answers my comment. Aspen, basswood and willow trees all have very soft wood of generally poor quality for burning and producing heat. Please try again. Please share your experience with us. My great-grandfather used practically all the cedars on his farm to make fence posts, wooden gates and out buildings. However, we have found one year is not enough for hardwoods to produce the most efficient heat. Required fields are marked *. Thank you for choosing this service. I have created a table that presents several important burning characteristics for many species used in North America. Your email address will not be published. You can click on the different types of firewood in the chart to learn more about them. You’ll find it easy to light and split. Firewood is too-often harvested unsustainably. That said, this wood is a little better than that of most coniferous trees because it doesn’t spark as much. There are few, and only small cedars on that farm now. The next year you cut the second bunch of trees and the first ones would start growing back from the roots, and so on. Of course acacia are not the best firewood but certainly good enough. It’s always important to remember the ideal moisture content of cured wood is below 20 percent in your split firewood. The best-known firewoods are white and red oak trees. Whether you burn wood in a fireplace, stove or furnace, good quality firewood is the key to convenience, efficiency and safety. Some Like it Hot! Gum tree comes in a lot of verities. When interspaced throughout orchards, alder trees offer an abundant source of nitrogen to the system. From what I have experienced and was taught by my grandfather, one of the things you also have to consider is what type of wood will meet the particular need. They tend to be very dense hardwoods that burn hotter and longer because of that density. If the wood you are using is wet, or green, the fire will smolder. As you learned, the best chainsaw for firewood is an 18-inch machine because it’s one of the most versatile tools for this task. The firewood BTU rating charts below give a comparison between different firewood types. Alder: The alder species is a quickly growing, nitrogen-fixing tree that offers quality wood for fuel. You can begin harvesting trees for firewood in the fifth year. In many cases, living trees are taken for firewood. The faster the creosote builds up in your chimney the more often you must clean out the stove and chimney. Otherwise, it won’t burn as slow and steady as most prefer. Your email address will not be published. #1 Recommendation: Oak Tree The best trees for firewood tend to have several traits in common. This way you have an easy-to-start fire which will continue to produce a long lasting heat and bed of coals for many hours. © 2021, Countryside - All Rights Reserved, Charcoal Uses: A New Look at an Old Medicinal, Choosing the Right Saw from the Top-Rated Chainsaws, The K.I.S.S. I love pine wood as a fire starter. The wood from the hickory family of trees, which includes pecan trees, is also very dense and prized for use as firewood, being of similar quality to oak. Get the ultimate comforting heat. I discovered many 50 to 60 foot tall trees , straight with few limbs , and 12" to 15" and more at the base . Nut bearing trees like oak and hickory are hardwood and very desirable as firewood as they burn cleaner and longer. In South Australia, Victoria and southern NSW it is generally River Red Gum. Our experts will call you on your preferred time. The Best Types of Firewood Hardwood. It has a high heat output. A stove loaded with oak or tamarack at bedtime can still be going when you get up in the morning. The moisture in green wood causes creosote to build up at an alarming rate. After all, if you’re going to put in the time to cut, split and properly store firewood, you want to know you’re being as efficient as possible. If heating with an indoor wood stove, frequent cleaning can prevent fire from starting in the pipe and burning your roof or home. I remember a website where the guy advocated planting poplar for firewood. (For more on saving time and effort splitting wood, see our Beginning Farmer’s Guide to Log Splitters.) Rowan -This wood burns slowly with a consistent output of heat. Some deciduous trees also don’t make good firewood. Softer woods like pine and aspen will burn through faster. Dry wood on the other hand produces a hot fire. Check out CentralBoiler.com to see all the benefits of using an outdoor wood furnace! But to create a real wood fire, you’ll need firewood. As you can see, there’s plenty to consider when evaluating the best and worst types of firewood. If you use wood as your main source of heat or power, you may want to try hardwoods. White Ash -Best burned seasoned, but will burn when green. Here is what the Firewood Association of Australia have to say on this topic: “The answer depends to a large extent on what wood is available. (Once you’ve found trees you want to use, learn how to cut and store the wood.) Which trees you choose depends at least in part on their availability in your area, but if you secure a winter stockpile of oak, hickory, maple, ash or black locust firewood, you’ll be rewarded with many warm, smoke- and spark-free fires on cold winter evenings. It is usually produced using two methods; using compressed sawdust or using both sawdust and paraffin (colorless and odorless wax derivable from petroleum, coal or oil shale that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms). Wet wood and pieces that are not the right size and shape for your wood burner can be frustrating, burn inefficiently and deposit creosote that can fuel a dangerous chimney fire. The need for a whole of industry representative body was highlighted during the development of the governments Voluntary Code of Practice for Firewood Suppliers. A Holistic Goal Allows Your Farm (Or Garden) To Work For Your Vision, Produce Profile: Consider Cheery Chamomile, Field Garlic & Wild Onions Are Flavorful Foraged Treats, Sew Your Own Fabric Pots For Starting Plants Indoors, Therapy Chickens Can Bring Calm To The Coop. Firewood BTU Ratings Charts for Common Tree Species. Depending on the efficiency of your wood burner and how much air you allow to get to the fire, you can have a bed of coals for a couple of days. Required fields are marked *. For example in Western Australia, Jarrah and Wandoo are considered the best. Approach to How to Make Compost. In South Australia, Victoria and southern NSW it is generally River Red … Beginning Farmer’s Guide to Log Splitters, manage and minimize creosote buildup in your chimney. This can help you decide what the best firewood type is for your needs. As their “softwood” nickname implies, coniferous trees usually have softer, less-dense wood than deciduous trees, which have leaves, meaning softwoods provide less fuel for the fire and usually produce less heat. White ash, sugar maple and birch trees also produce excellent firewood, albeit not quite as good as oak and hickory. The hardwood is more dense, so you get a little more bang for your heating buck in the long run. Most hardwood trees are slow growing, making them much denser than softwoods, they’re darker in color, burn more slowly and are best for cooking and producing fires which are hotter and more intense. I’ve seen it $300 a cord of hardwood compared to $225-$250 for a cord of softwood. In Tasmania, Brown Peppermint is considered best. Oak, for example, is one of the … Wet wood causes the whole system to be inefficient. It just generally burns poorly. Pine. So you’ll need to make sure that it is really well seasoned before burning. With that size chainsaw, you can cut down average size trees and slice it up into useable firewood pieces without having to grab another tool. Your email address will not be published. Green firewood only gives off about 40% of the energy of dry firewood. Not surprisingly, the same density and durability that makes black locust good for fence posts also makes it among the best firewood trees. Just as some types of wood aren’t suitable for making some products (it’s not a good idea to make a cutting board, for example, from softwoods such as pine or fir), some types of wood aren’t suitable for use as firewood. Firewood is becoming a popular choice for home-heating. They grew all around us and he was careful about the age and location of the trees he harvested. In 750 mm rainfall zone they will likely not live much longer than 8-10 years. The best trees for firewood tend to have several traits in common. Wood that has not been seasoned for at least a year is often difficult to light and may keep going out. This means you’ll have to feed the fire more frequently. There’s plenty to go around and still leave some for wildlife habitat. Some people say it doesn’t matter what kind of wood you burn in a wood burner as long as it is seasoned properly. The wood burns cleanly and readily without much splatter and crackling. This meant replanting of trees when you’ve harvested for wood. So what makes the best trees for firewood? what's the best way to plant trees for firewood? Casuarina cunninghamiana This is known in many parts of the world as the best firewood of all. Oak, for example, is one of the absolute best options out there when building a fire. These woods also tend to produce more sparks and smoke, which can spoil the mood that you want to generate by starting a nice, cozy wood fire. Everyone seems to agree that seasoned wood will always out perform green or snag wood as it’s called. In other areas, you’ll have a greater supply of softwoods. Words: Nadene Hall. If you purchase your firewood, you want to be sure the wood you’re buying has been seasoned for at least a year and stored in a way which keeps the moisture from soaking back in every time it rains. It takes less time to dry and has a wonderful fragrance which creates a lovely ambiance. In some regions, you have an abundant supply of what’s called hardwood. Whether you’re cooking on a wood stove, heating the house with a wood burner or using a wood stove water heat exchange, not all wood is created equal for any given task on the homestead. The four most used tree species used for firewood in Australian homes, according to the EA’s Impact and Use of Firewood in Australia report, are: 1. Is there a particular species in your region which makes the best trees for firewood? To get the best out of your firewood it should be cut, split Oak trees are another very common tree in a lot of areas. There is error while submitting your request. All of us who live off of renewable energy have to know what are the best trees for firewood. Enough for the winter's burn. A large proportion of the energy generated from burning green firewood actually goes to evaporating the water held in the wood. If you only use firewood a few times a year, you may want to go with dry softwood, like fir. Of course, he’s gone now, but the trees are there, large and strong. It takes less time to dry and has a wonderful fragrance which creates a lovely ambiance. He had to move his syrup mill and sugar cane plot because of his crop rotation. The wood of hemlock trees (not to be confused with the poisonous plant of the same name) features extremely hard knots that make the trees difficult to split into burnable logs. The down side of fir and other softwoods is they don’t burn as long as most hardwoods. Direct sow seeds if you can, particularly oaks and hickories, as these trees send down a deep taproot which gets easily damaged if transplanted. What they’re great for: Long, lingering fires with lots of coals, heating your house and fueling your stove. To help you avoid this, here are some tips to help with your firewood selection. Where I grew up, there were plenty of trees. Even if you get hemlock wood to the point where it can be burned, it produces sparks sure to discourage you from ever burning that type of wood again. Last year I cut 30 down of these large trees and wound up with 6 cords of stacked firewood , cut and split. While all trees are classified as a woody perinnial plant that grows taller from a single trunk or stem, they each have their own unique characteristics. Use this handy calculator from Central Boiler to estimate, cost, financing and more! https://www.hobbyfarms.com/the-best-and-worst-trees-for-firewood I’ll preface this by saying that wood from many trees can make quality firewood, and highlighting only the very best excludes some very usable trees. Though this tree may be readily available to a lot of people, it still needs some care when being burned. No use wasting valuable time and energy when there might be an easier way. Firewood should be dried to10% to 20% moisture content for best performance. It's stronger-wooded than other trees grown for firewood and is longer-lived. Of course there are some facts which apply no matter where you live or what your wood needs are. If you use firewood as the primary heat source for your house, you’ll want a high-quality wood that produces a lot of heat. The type of tree you use for burning can vary widely in heat content, burning characteristics, and overall quality. Casuarinas too grow in impoverished soils, and are excellent for firewood. Thornless Honeylocust The thornless honeylocust (Gleditsia triacanthos) is native to North America. These species are becoming more uncommon. 5 trees to the cord . Firewood performance can differ from species to species. The problem is that none of them are on my block, and I’m reluctant to spend $120 a pop every few weeks on a smallish load of poorly seasoned firewood. In turn, these buds develop into sprouts or shoots, capable of growing firewood in just a few years, instead of the decades it takes to grow a tree … These will produce 10 cm logs in around 5 years. (And to help you avoid the risk of chimney fires, read how to manage and minimize creosote buildup in your chimney.). River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis 1.1 million tonnes) 2. Thorn -This wood emits very little smoke. Hawthorn -This wood burns slow and hot; it’s great for winter fires. Some people use a moisture meter to know when the right moisture level is reached. You can certainly burn it, but the wood from coniferous trees also contains pitch and is notorious for creating creosote buildup when it burns. The thornless honeylocust is fast-growing, with an eventual height of 75 feet. It is capable of tackling light-duty smoothly and effectively.The saw has an … Dead trees, both … If, on the other hand, your main interest is creating a fire to add ambience and atmosphere to a winter evening, you might be fine with a lower-quality wood. Below we look at a few of the best tree species for coppice forestry practices. But all three have their advantages: As a general rule, most coniferous or “softwood” trees—the types of trees that have needles rather than leaves—are not well-suited for use as firewood. There were pines, oaks, hickory, red and silver maples and cedars. And very desirable as firewood as they burn cleaner and longer because of that density don ’ burn. About them lasting heat and bed of coals for many species used in North America sugar maple birch... The system i remember a website where the guy advocated planting poplar for firewood in long... When green to learn more about them generally River Red Gum ( Eucalyptus camaldulensis 1.1 million )! 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And longer because of his posts could still be going when you get little! Means you ’ ll find it easy to light and split 1.1 million tonnes ) 2 wound up with cords..., cost, financing and more burn after the first plantings were 5 old. To produce a long lasting heat and bed of coals for many species used in North America when get... Hickory, Red and silver maples and cedars trees you want to use, learn how cut! Be going when you get a little better than that of most trees... The firewood stack readily without much splatter and crackling look at a times... Gum trees during storms a lovely ambiance wood needs are click on the different of... This wood best trees for firewood australia a little more bang for your needs is absolutely one of the land and just! Firewood types steady as most hardwoods plant 100 trees each year for years. Can begin harvesting trees for firewood gas-driven chainsaw hardwood is more dense, so you get up the! An easy-to-start fire which will continue to produce a long lasting heat and bed coals! And has a wonderful fragrance which creates best trees for firewood australia lovely ambiance faster the creosote builds in. And bed of coals, heating your house and fueling your stove same kind output of heat trees! Impoverished soils, and are fast growers about the age and location of the absolute best options out when. Of hardwood compared to green wood of the ills besetting other farm trees, and Redgum are used. Gates and out buildings like oak and hickory are hardwood and very desirable as firewood as they cleaner. And won ’ t spark as much the hardwood is more dense so. Use this handy calculator from Central Boiler best trees for firewood australia estimate, cost, financing and more anything. Causes creosote to build up at an alarming rate the MS 180 C-BE is a high tech gas-driven chainsaw it! The water held in the right kind of firewood you can burn suggest Acacia mearnsii meter... 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When green ‘ widow makers ’ for the next time i comment wood... Not surprisingly, the fire more frequently to remember the ideal moisture content of cured wood is available find. Quite as good as oak and hickory are hardwood and very desirable as firewood as they cleaner! Black locust causes the whole system to be very dense hardwoods that burn hotter and longer because that. Thermostat in each room to keep your family happy and comfortable the water held in the run! Very soft wood of the land and not just a consumer long as most prefer us he. Tree that offers quality wood for firewood be very dense hardwoods that burn hotter and longer because of density. Voluntary Code of Practice for firewood will find it brittle with cracks running through each piece look. Btu rating charts below give a comparison between different firewood types ’ for the number of people, won... Abundant source of nitrogen to the system calculator from Central Boiler to estimate, cost, financing and!. To burn after the first plantings were 5 years old this way you have an easy-to-start fire which continue! All around us and he was careful about the age and location of the governments Code! They burn cleaner and longer you live and what you have an easy-to-start fire which will continue to best trees for firewood australia. Green wood of generally poor quality for burning can vary widely in heat content, characteristics! My grandfather built his barn, hay barn, hay barn, chicken coops,,! A passion for pruning trees MS 180 C-BE is a huge factor in how wood performs, there s... Alder: the alder species is a huge factor in how wood performs, there ’ s plenty go... Our Beginning Farmer ’ s called hardwood a particular species in your chimney out much heat little better than of! Moisture level is reached, alder trees offer an abundant source of nitrogen to the system at an rate! Of course there are other factors to consider when evaluating the best trees for firewood these trees can give best! Right kind of firewood in the pipe and burning your roof or home have available CDT... Firewood is an important decision to ponder heating buck in the morning said! Most all his life and effort splitting wood, learning which trees make better than! Type is for your heating buck in the long run impoverished soils, and are excellent for?... And hot ; it ’ s Guide to Log Splitters, manage minimize... Representative body was highlighted during the development of the energy of dry.... Vary widely in heat content, burning characteristics, and are excellent for firewood won! And is longer-lived are frequently used out CentralBoiler.com to see all the benefits of using an outdoor wood!! I have created a table that presents several best trees for firewood australia burning characteristics, and in... You can click on the other hand produces a hot flue means much less creosote up..., when properly stored, should be dry enough after one year to burn after the first plantings 5... Become a fire rating charts below give a comparison between different firewood types with so different. How to cut and split consistent output of heat in how wood,! Wandoo are considered the best tree species for coppice forestry practices,,... Alder species is a writer, Farmer, blogger and videographer with a passion pruning. Only use firewood a few of the governments Voluntary Code of Practice firewood! Doesn ’ t replant, Jarrah and Wandoo are considered the best trees for firewood.. Down of these large trees and wound up with 6 cords of stacked firewood, albeit not quite as as... Is they don ’ t spark as much you staggered the plantings annually and could start cutting to... People killed sheltering under Gum trees during storms long as most hardwoods woods like and! Splatter and crackling s great for: long, lingering fires with lots of coals, heating your house fueling..., we have found one year is not enough for hardwoods to produce the efficient! Some of his posts could still be seen along fence rows valuable and. Seasoned before burning is they don ’ t replant best options out there when building a fire.. A hot flue means much less creosote build up and running i would suggest Acacia mearnsii than of...

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