solar cell experiment lab report

photoelectric current and resistors representing the shunt and series resistances. Kimberly Greene Dr. Newton Astronomy 1000-Section A August 29, 2017 Lab Report 1-The Solar System During our first lab in Astronomy, we got to develop and perform a hands-on experiment of the overall scale of our Solar System. As the temperature of the solar cell was heated, the power output continued to drop. Interactive solar energy and solar cell resource. The intention of the manual is to Load the .csv data … A resistance in the cell circuit should be introduced so that the current does not exceed the safe operating limit. Test I-V and P-V conducting a Lab Activity to determine the effect of several variables on the output of a Using photovoltaic cells (also called solar cells), solar energy can be 4 Jan 2009 The current-voltage characteristics of a solar cell are meas- light source and the solar cell being varied. Create a Standard Lab Report with the following sections. The parameters are: In each of the cases above, the output of the solar cell will be measured using an ammeter and a voltmeter which will help in the calculation of the power output and hence determine how the aforementioned parameters affect operation. Fill out Table 1 with experimental data. Experiment 7: Dye-sensitized solar cell Description A dye-sensitized solar cell is constructed from a combination of materials, and its performance is tested. Once you have obtained an I/V plot using the Waveforms software, export a data file in .csv format. The solar irradiation unit of 1 Sun = 1.0 kW/m2. The connection of a meter (voltmeter or ammeter) to only the first cell is as shown in the right-hand picture while for connection to two cells, or all three cells, the middle picture is used as a guide….CONTINUED, IMPORTANT!!! Set the potentiometer at the minimum. Cell Respiration Lab Report 1079 Words | 5 Pages. Lab Report. 489 Words 2 Pages. Record the distance between the lamp and the solar cell. To calculate the amount of power that was produced by the PV cells, we used the equation P=iV, where P is power (Watt), i is current (Ampere), and V is voltage (Volt). 2. SOLAR CELL SELECTION: When selecting solar cells is it best to select two with very close voltages since the voltage range can vary widely for each cell. A solar cell is a semiconductor PN junction diode as shown in figure 1. Dye-sensitized solar cells which combine the unique properties of both the organic compound and inorganic compound have attracted the attention of scientists. The large surface area indicated in light blue is exposed to incident light energy. The resulting curve is a measure of the overall performance of the cell. As mentioned in the hypothesis, the prediction is that as the temperature increases towards the optimal, the rate of respiration will increase. A solar cell is an electrical device that converts light energy into electrical energy by photovoltaic effect. the area of 4 cm2 (20mm x 20 mm). Using several solar cells in a row (in a so-called “series” configuration), the angle of the solar array relative to the light source, and. A solar cell is an electrical device that converts light energy into electrical energy by photovoltaic effect. Introduction: The Cell, the fundamental structural unit of all living organisms. Estimate the solar cell efficiency from the measurements (3). In addition, this report will include the complete 3. There are Animal … Solar Cell Experiment 903 Words | 4 Pages. Simulate I-V characteristic of the device. You can plot each dataset if you wish, but it is likely you will want the panels to be as close to the ... some suitable guess for I0 and n. Then adjust the values of I0 and n to give a reasonable fit to the experiment (there is no need to be very … Experiment 2: Series and Parallel Connections of Solar Cells Introduction. Using The Data Of Solar Cell Using Lab … The ‘Energy from the Sun’ experiment helps kids discover how a solar cell works and converts as much sunlight as possible into environment-friendly energy sources. This senior project report will discuss the importance of this experiment in the Electrical Engineering curriculum, the system requirements and parameters tested in the design, and the provided results based on the test conditions. By doing this experiment, we explored the potential factors of renewable energy. The large surface area indicated in light blue is exposed to incident light energy. In this experiment a variable resistor is used to obtain a series of voltage and current pairs. Electrical and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Laboratory, ECE 494 - Electrical Engineering Laboratory III. We got to physically interact by demonstrating and constructing a model of our Solar System by using a simple tool such as toilet paper. [Hint: In this case, the tie line through the feed L0 represents the condition for minimum solvent flow rate. How does V OC and I SC vary when the temperature increases? In the ‘Foaming Beads’ experiment, children will examine what makes insulating materials and their differences before they learn to make the insulating materials themselves. shaded PV cells” solar energy Mater.Solar cells,Feb 2003. Solar Cells are Like Batteries – Series and Parallel PV Cell Connections To teach how to measure the current and voltage output of photovoltaic cells. The solar cell should be exposed to sun light before using it in the experiment. The five experiments that are already available in … Solar cells produce different voltages and currents depending on the light levels and resistance in the circuit. 1- Place the solar cell on the table directly under the desk lamp and switch on the desk lamp. Determine values of V. How the values of the solar cell parameters compare with the parameters of the diodes tested Executive Summary Solar Cell / Module Efficiencies  The record lab cell efficiency is 26.7% for mono-crystalline and 22.3% for multi-crystalline silicon wafer-based technology. The orientation of the three solar cells in the array is a “series” configuration. 3- Record the solar cell current and observe the turn speed of the propeller of the electric 1. Lab thermometer, -10..+100C. Lab Report Requirement (A) Measure the IV characteristics of a single solar cell . For the cells used in this experiment, a desk lamp was used to test each cell’s strength. Lab Report Requirement Fill out Table 1 with experimental data. During the Solar Cell Energy lab three flexible solar cells were combined in series and exposed to solar radiation at different angles in one axis of rotation. This project was designed to characterize several factors which could be potentially changing the efficiency of the cells. They were both within 0.02 of each other, even when the The solar cells should be large enough to produce milliamp reading that can be read by the amp meter. What may explain these differences? Plot the IV and PV curve for a single solar cell. Features of Perovskite Solar Cells: The metal halide perovskite solar cell’s performance has made a fast enhancement in the efficiency of energy conversion from 4% efficiency in 2010 to 22% efficiency in 2016. The most common type is made from silicon in a process similar to the way computer chips are made and requires large expensive factories.One possible alternative to silicon cells is dye-sensitized cells, which are less efficient, but are far less expensive to manufacture. Present the I-V plot of the solar call. 4) The photocurrent generated in a photovoltaic solar cell is: Directly proportional to the square of the amount of solar radiation received. VIVA VOICE QUESTIONS: 1. in experiments series 1? Determine values of Voc (open circuit voltage), Isc(short circuit current), Pm (maximum power), Rm(maximum power load) and the fill factor. However, the first solar cell has been developed with an efficiency of 6% at … Write down the voltage, current and power values at the maximum power point. Review Prior to Lab ndon 2 week Excerpt: Greg P. Smestad, 1998, ―Education and solar conversion: demonstrating electron transfer,‖ Solar Energy Materials and … Simulate I-V characteristic of the device. Is the measured value of the solar cell efficiency reasonable. Materials: The materials used to conduct … from the measurements (2). Label the area of the graph that is considered the “fill factor”. Photovoltaics is a fast growing market: The Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of PV installations was 32% between 2010 to 2019. Appendix A1 to show a graph of current provided by the solar cell as a function of voltage. Light from the lamp should fall normally on the cell. the distance of the solar array from the light source (i.e. Due to the feature of a high absorption coefficient, it needs the thickness of 500nm to absorb solar energy. ... Once you have fixed the position of the panel with relation to the sun it is NOT TO BE MOVED DURING THE EXPERIMENT. Photovoltaic cells, also called solar cells, are devices that create electricity from light. Solar cells are usually coated with anti-reflective materials so that they absorb the maximum amount of light energy. It is therefore essential to note how its output is maximized by considering several factors which will help ensure maximum efficiency. Normally no external bias is applied to the cell. 2. current, ideality factor, equivalent series and shunt resistances from measurements (1). A solar cell is a semiconductor PN junction diode as shown in figure 1. The purpose of this lab experiment was to see how distance, shading, and filters can affect the output of photovoltaic cells (PV). 1 RESULTS Part 1: No-load Cell Potential Solar intensity measured with solar meter: 1236 watts/m 2 Single Cell Voltage Data Cell Voltage (V) 1 1.675 2 1.685 3 1.642 4 1.636 Figure 1A Cells Collected in Series Data Cells Voltage (V) 1,2 3.426 1,2,3 5.15 1,2,3,4 6.86 Figure 2A Cells Connected in Parallel Data Cells Voltage (V) 1,2 1.736 1,2,3 1.746 1,2,3,4 1.745 Figure 3A 463 - 467. Moreover, the report will cover the I-V characteristics and the important parameter of a PV module. What is the difference between solar cell and a photodiode? Solar Cell LAB MANUAL 2009 Author: Todd Kaiser Montana State University Solar Cell LAB MANUAL July 2009 This manual was designed for use with the Montana Microfabrication Facility at Montana State University. Identify and mark the maximum power point on the IV and PV curves. Use a current source representing the … The objective of this experiment is to find a distinct relationship between a solar cell’s power output and its angle of incident with Sunlight. 2 Table of Content ABSTRACT 1 TABLE OF CONTENT 2 LIST OF FIGURES 3 ... “selenium”. 1. The voltage remains the same and the currents add up. What is the required surface area in m2 and the steam consumption? The solar cell used in this lab has 3.  Before coming to the lab, the students should write the experiment number, date, aim, formula, least count calculation, ray diagram or circuit diagram, tabular column neatly in the record note book. Report the values of VOC, ISC, Pmax, Rpm and FF (fill factor) PV cells wired in series) has a nominal voltage of 0.5v output. Apparatus 17 V (Nominal) Thin Film Amorphous Silicon Solar Module, Four 100 W Halogen lamps, small electronic circuits to control load voltage of solar panel, standard Data Acquisition Equipment interfaced to a computer. Extract parameters of the diodes: saturation The intention of the »Photovoltaics Report« is to provide up-to-date information on the PV market and on efficiencies of solar cells, modules and systems. Lab Report Of The Cells. In another words, without cells we wouldn’t be able to live or function correctly. 2. instruments used for measuring voltage and current. • Introduction • Materials • Methods • Data • Results and analysis In the results section answer these questions. 2- Connect the solar cell with the electric motor and a DMM to measure current. During this experiment, different wavelengths (colour) will be investigated on how efficient the energy output from the solar cell is using a light bulb as the power source through the use of coloured cellophane. In order to get readings that encompassed the full range of the multi- 1. Under illumi- nation from an artificial light source with an intensity of 8.4 mW the short-circuit current I, of the cell is 286mA and the open-circuit voltage V,,, is 0.466V. The solar cell array was set up as shown in the left-hand picture below. Indentify the Jsc, Voc, and peak power for each type of cell. This experiment aims at performing some simple measurements with solar cells to explore the dependence of the solar cell output on various parameters. [10].M.G .Jaboo ri,M.M.Saied,R.Hanafy ,”Acontri -b ution to the simulation and d esign optimization of photovoltaic It is therefore essential to note how its output is maximized by considering several factors which will help ensure maximum efficiency. Solar energy is an intermittent energy source and the distribution is broad, reducing the effectiveness of solar cells as they are unable to convert all the energy (Geoscience Austalia). Jasprit Singh Semiconductor Devices, John Wiley & Sons 2001. pp. Team Size Prepare materials in a team of 3, but each person makes a separate device. The record note book will be checked in the beginning of the lab class. what velocity of water flow is needed and what is the size range of the pure product? reducing illumination). Purchase to download the entire high quality lab report below (8pages), Sun Solar Ltd produces solar panels for the…, PSY304 Human Associative Learning Lab report…, Lab report assessment guidelines  Description: The…, Assessment 1- Part A- Case Study-1- Managing Growth…, Guidelines for writing a good Physics Lab Report in 2019, 7-Point Likert Scale: Detailed Description. Calculate the minimum solvent that can be used. 2. 2. Distribute copies of the Lab Activity to each student but have students work How can you tell what the peak power of solar cell is? Determine the outlet concentration x1 in the water solution and in the trichloroethane solution using an analytical equation. This experiment is about testing a PV module under different condition, at darkness, with different illumination and with external load. Create a Standard Lab Report with the following sections. Connect the solar cell to the potentiometer and multimeters as shown in Fig.2. The aim of this lab exercise is to experimentally create the Current vs. Voltage for an actual solar cell under various illumination conditions. The colored transparency sheets can be cut into pieces large enough to completely shade the PV cell. Present clearly all schematics of the experimental circuits, showing the diode, resistors and the Connect the incandescent lamp with its power supply. A simple solar cell experiment The following experiment was performed using a commercial polycrystalline silicon solar cell with an active area of 8.5 cm X 8.5 cm. Solar Intensity measured with solar meter: 684 (W/m 2 ) Cell area: 0.0144 (m 2 ) Power input = 684 (W/m 2 )∗0.0144m 2 =¿9.8496 (Watt) - Efficiency of the solar cell (output power/input power) Efficiency = Output energy / Input energy x 100 % = 0.134 W/ 9.8496 W x 100 % = 1.3605 % - Efficiency of the motor/ gear-head assembly Switch on the lamp and adjust further so that maximum area of the solar cell can be illuminated. … Some cells are complete organisms, such as the unicellular bacteria and protozoa, others, such as nerve, liver, and muscle cells, are specialized components of multicellular organisms. Lab Report . Draw the equivalent circuit representing a solar cell. As the temperature exceeds the optimal, the rate of respiration will decrease. Determine the break-point time, the fraction of total capacity used up to the break point, the length of the unused bed, and the saturation loading capacity of the solid. 3. The middle picture shows how the buzzer is connected to one, or two or all three cells, respectively. The highest lab efficiency in thin film technology is 23.4% for CIGS and 21.0% for CdTe solar cells. Curriculum and Experiments Using the Photovoltaic Education Kits Page 2 Contents Matching the course with standards Activities 1. 4 cm2 ( 20mm x 20 mm ) circuit should be introduced that! And what is the Size range of the solar cell Description a Dye-sensitized solar cell:. 1.0 kW/m2 Engineering Undergraduate Laboratory, ECE 494 - electrical Engineering Laboratory III in! Obtain a series of voltage and current pairs to absorb solar energy %. Words, without cells we wouldn & # 8217 ; t be able to or. & # 8217 ; t be able to live or function correctly used to conduct PV. To the square of the lab Report Requirement fill out Table 1 with experimental data have the... And I SC vary when the temperature increases towards the optimal, the Report will cover the characteristics! 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